Map showing the former location of Seneca Village (Egbert Viele, ca. 1857). Photo Credit: © Public Domain via Wikimedia Commons.

United States – Seneca Village, New York City

Seneca Village in New York was founded in 1825 by free Black Americans, the first such community in the city. At its peak, the community had 264 residents, three churches, a school, and two cemeteries. The settlement was later also inhabited by Irish and German immigrants. Seneca Village existed until 1857, when, through eminent domain, the villagers and other settlers in the area were ordered to leave and their houses were torn down for the construction of Central Park.