Seneca Village in New York was founded in 1825 by free Black Americans, the first such community in the city. At its peak, the community had 264 residents, three churches, a school, and two cemeteries. The settlement was later also inhabited by Irish and German immigrants. Seneca Village existed until 1857, when, through eminent domain, the villagers and other settlers in the area were ordered to leave and their houses were torn down for the construction of Central Park.
- Central Park Conservancy. 2018. “The Story of Seneca Village.” Central Park NYC.
- Chakraborty, Ranjani. 2020. “The lost neighborhood under New York’s Central Park.” Vox.
- Map showing the former location of Seneca Village (Egbert Viele, ca. 1857). Public Domain via Wikimedia Commons.