The Interstate Commerce Commission (ICC) had issued a ruling in Sarah Keys v. Carolina Coach Company (1955) that had explicitly denounced the Plessy v. Ferguson (1896) doctrine of “separate but equal” in interstate bus travel. The ICC failed to enforce its ruling, and Jim Crow travel laws remained in force throughout the South.
- The Guardian. 2006. “Racial segregation on US inter-state transport to end – archive, 1955.” The Guardian.
- Menkart, Deborah. n.d. ‘Sarah Louise Keys.’ Civil Rights Teaching.
- “Trailblazer – Sarah Keys Evans Story – ECCC Production,” Les Atkins Photography, YouTube video, 12:07, March 31, 2019.