United States – Matt and Zemmie Bransford, Mammoth Cave National Park

During the early 1920s, Matt and Zemmie Bransford renovated their house into a hotel for African American tourists at Mammoth Cave National Park. Matt Bransford was a cave tour guide and offered “underground cave tours” for African Americans.

African Americans played a vital role in developing the cave tour routes and the visitor experience throughout the 19th and early 20th-century.