Slavery

Reading the Emancipation Proclamation. Photo Credit: © New York Public Library Digital Collections.

United States – Emancipation Proclamation

United States President, Abraham Lincoln, issued the Emancipation Proclamation or Proclamation 95 which (legally) freed the enslaved. The proclamation declared “that all persons held as slaves” within the rebellious states “are, and henceforward shall be free.” From the first days of the Civil War, enslaved Africans had acted to secure their own liberty. The Emancipation

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Harriet Tubman, the Moses of her people. Photo Credit: © New York Public Library Digital Collections.

United States – Harriet Tubman Makes First Attempt to Escape Slavery

Harriet Tubman was born around 1820 into slavery on a plantation in Dorchester County, Maryland. Her parents, Harriet (“Rit”) Green and Benjamin Ross, named her Araminta Ross and called her “Minty. In 1849 Harriet Tubman made her first attempt to escape slavery. While the first attempt was not successful, she escaped on her second attempt.

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