Migration

Stagecoach Mary fields. Photo Credit: © Public Domain via Wikimedia Commons.

United States – Mary Fields, First African American woman employed as a stagecoach mail carrier

Mary Fields (1832–1914) also known as Stagecoach Mary and Black Mary was the first African American woman employed as a stagecoach mail carrier in the United States. In 1895, she hitched a team of six horses faster than all the other job applicants and was hired on the spot. She was just the second American […]

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Hand colored lithograph of Martin Robison Delany. Photo Credit: © Public Domain via Wikimedia Commons.

United States – Martin Robison Delany led an exploring party to Niger Valley to find a homeland for African American repatriation

In 1859, Martin Robison Delany, physician, abolitionist, journalist, military officer, and the father of Black Nationalism, led an African American exploring party to Niger Valley in hopes to find a homeland for African American repatriation. Delany who was the only Black officer to receive the rank of Major during the Civil War, traveled to Africa

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Captain Paul Cuffee engraving, 1812, from a drawing by Dr. John Pole of Bristol, England. Photo Credit: © New York Public Library Digital Collections.

United States – Paul Cuffee spearheaded the first Black ‘Back to Africa’ initiative

Paul Cuffee spearheaded the first Black ‘Back to Africa’ initiative in United States history.  He was also the first free African American to visit the White House and have an audience with a sitting president. As a young man, he worked as a whaling ship captain. He eventually saved enough money to purchase his own

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Caribbean – HMT Empire Windrush Arrives In The United Kingdom

On 22 June 1948, the former German cruise liner HMT Empire Windrush arrived in the United Kingdom at Tilbury Docks, Essex, carrying passengers from the West Indies. The following day, in what has become a landmark in the history of modern Britain, Caribbean migrants from countries including Jamaica, Bermuda, Trinidad, and British Guiana exited the

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