Government

United States – South Carolina African American Heritage Council

The movement toward recognizing the importance of preserving cultural richness led to the passage of a joint resolution of the General Assembly in 1993 that established the South Carolina African American Heritage Council, and to its establishment as a commission in 2001 by executive order of Governor Jim Hodges. Since its inception, the South Carolina […]

United States – South Carolina African American Heritage Council Read More »

United States – Boynton v. Virginia, Supreme Court Ruled Segregation In Travel Illegal

Boynton v. Virginia was a landmark decision of the United States Supreme Court. The case overturned a judgment convicting an African American law student for trespassing by being in a restaurant in a bus terminal that was “Whites only.” The Boynton v. Virginia held that racial segregation in public transportation was illegal because such segregation

United States – Boynton v. Virginia, Supreme Court Ruled Segregation In Travel Illegal Read More »

An early celebration of Emancipation Day (Juneteenth) in 1900. Photo Credit: © The Portal to Texas History Austin History Center, Austin Public Library.

United States – Juneteenth aka Freedom Day, Jubilee Day

On June 19, 1865, Union soldiers reach Texas and share the news of President Abraham Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation. This becomes known as Juneteenth with annual celebrations initially just in Texas but now in many other cities and states across the United States. It is the oldest nationally celebrated commemoration of the ending of slavery in

United States – Juneteenth aka Freedom Day, Jubilee Day Read More »

Reading the Emancipation Proclamation. Photo Credit: © New York Public Library Digital Collections.

United States – Emancipation Proclamation

United States President, Abraham Lincoln, issued the Emancipation Proclamation or Proclamation 95 which (legally) freed the enslaved. The proclamation declared “that all persons held as slaves” within the rebellious states “are, and henceforward shall be free.” From the first days of the Civil War, enslaved Africans had acted to secure their own liberty. The Emancipation

United States – Emancipation Proclamation Read More »